Expositions and Presentations by David C. Penn, Ph.D. 
Senior Ministering Evangelist Robbins Church of Christ
 
BIBLICAL INTERPRETATION

Unfortunately, there are many God-fearing Christians who have insufficient knowledge about the Bible and how to study the Word of God with meaning. One must understand that although the Bible is a compendium of inspired writings, the text we have today including the King James Version has been translated and copied using a host of various apparatuses. This exposition provided by Dr. Penn will enable the student to obtain a better appreciation of the Scripture in addition to the different methods employed by critical scholars. 

BIBLICAL INTERPRETATION SERIES [FIVE LESSON SERIES]

The Institute of Biblical Studies (Chicago)

In 1998, Dr. Penn inaugurated a city-wide cohort entitled, The Institute of BiblicalStudies. This seven month program was designed to teach and equip the serious Bible student how to examine many critical issues of the Scripture from a historical and scholastic perspective. The Biblical Interpretation component included five intense lecture discussions: The Historical Reliability of the Bible; Interpreting the Gospels; The Gospels and the Gospel; Principles of Interpretation; and Textual Criticism.

DOCTRINAL STUDY SERIES [NINE LESSON SERIES]

The Institute of Biblical Studies (Chicago)

In addition to the Biblical Interpretation series, the Doctrinal Study Series was another component taught by Dr. Penn and The Institute of Biblical Studies. The nine lecture discussions included in this teaching format include: The Doctrine of Theology; The Doctrine of Soteriology; The Doctrine of Justification; The Doctrine of Christology; The Doctrine of Pneumatology; The Life of the Apostle Paul; The Doctrine of Thanatology; and The Doctrine of Ecclesiology Part I and II.

THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN THE NEW TESTAMENT CHURCH [PART I and II]

What does the Scripture and particularly the Apostle Paul teach in relation to the role of women in the New Testament Church? What are the parameters surrounding the functional participation of women in the worship assembly? Is there a theological difference between the “Work of the Church” and the “Worship of the Church?” Is the term “silence” found I Corinthians 14:34 synonymous with the term “silence” found in I Timothy 2:12? Can we limit I Corinthians 11:5 to the culture and environment of the Corinthian believers only? In October 2001, and in conjunction with the Annual Midwest Lectureship held in Chicago, Illinois, Dr. Penn was asked to share his findings regarding this most imperative subject. It is of utmost importance that both Part I and Part II of this expose be obtained and studied together.

AND HOW SHALL THEY HEAR WITHOUT A PREACHER?

The Preeminence and Priority of Preaching 

This overview has been formulated primarily for preachers. However, everyone should understand the work of the preacher along and the tasks involved in public proclamation. The rigorous methods involved in sermon construction are vitally important for the preacher to be successful in sermon delivery. Understanding the differences between topical sermons, textual sermons, and expository sermons is something that every well trained preacher is familiar with. Let it be said that in preaching, exposition is the detailed interpretation, the logical amplification, and the practical application of Scripture.

COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR AND TEMPERAMENT THERAPY TECHNIQUES

Situational and Adventitious Crisis Counseling - Grief Counseling Part I and II.

As a Licensed Clinical Pastoral Counselor with Advanced Certification, Dr. Penn explores the differences between what is called “Situational Crisis Events” and “Adventitious Crisis Events.” Due to the fact that Ministers are frequently called upon to counsel members of the Church as well as others, it becomes paramount for them to understand a number of key strategies that will assist them in their work. Dr. Penn also addresses the component of “Grief Counseling” and its effect upon adults and adolescents in regard to the nuclear family.

UNDERSTANDING THE NATURE AND INTENT OF THE GOSPELS

The gospel records of Matthew, Mark, and Luke are commonly referred to as the “Synoptic Gospels” because they each portray the life of the Lord Jesus with a number of distinct parallels. Yet, which of the three synoptics is the oldest? What similarities and differences are found in the synoptics as opposed to the gospel of John? Did two of the gospel writers copy from a primary source? What kinds of parables are found in the gospels and how should one interpret the genre found in the gospels? This presentation was given by Dr. Penn in a workshop at the 2004 Churches of Christ Annual National Lectureship held in the city of Seattle, Washington.

THE CHURCH: GOD’S ETERNAL PURPOSE

Studies in the Book of Ephesians

What does the Bible say about predestination? Does the Bible say anything regarding the T.U.L.P. theory as suggested by Calvinism? Many people have dismissed the doctrine of predestination and election as biblical teaching because they have equated these concepts with a false interpretation developed by Augustine and John Calvin. Dr. Penn surveys the teaching of Saint Paul’s expose in chapter one of the Ephesian epistle surrounding the source,the sphere, the scope, and the scheme of election.

IN DEFENSE OF THE DEFENCE 

What are the arguments for the existence of God? What are the cosmological, ontological, and teleological arguments relative to a divine being? Since the beginning of time, there has been a desperate struggle involving human reasoning and certainty. Utilizing the celebrated work of Alister E. McGrath [Intellectuals Don’t Need God and Other Modern Myths], the essays of Hans Kung [Does God Exist?] and the writings of John A. Hutchison [Faith, Reason, and Existence], Dr. Penn has developed a ten lesson series on the Christian Faith and Apologetics. Human reason alone cannot scientifically prove the existence of God; but we can offer enough sound evidence that will invariably lead one to an intelligent and rational conclusion. This course was taught at the School of Religious Studies in the year 1996.

AS THE SPIRIT GAVE THEM UTTERANCE

An Intense Study Concerning Pneumatology and the Doctrine of the Holy Spirit

With regard to His nature, is the Holy Spirit a person or simply a mere power? If the Holy Spirit is a person, is He finite or infinite? The personality of the Spirit has been a foundational principle of the Church from the beginning of its inception. Furthermore, how does the Holy Spirit affect us today as contemporary members of the visible kingdom? Dr. Penn has developed this study with the intent to equip the understanding of believers regarding the work of the Holy Spirit in each of our personal lives.

JESUS CHRIST OR MOHAMMED?

The practice of Islam is perhaps the only religion other than Christianity which has attracted men of all walks of life. This reference work authored by Dr. Penn highlights the doctrines of Confucianism, Buddhism, Islam and Hinduism. It specifically examines the inception of Islam and its founder, while simultaneously illustrating Jesus Christ as being the only mediator between God the Father and mankind. A complete bibliography and reference list has been provided in this 28 page presentation.

SAINT PAUL’S CHRISTOLOGY: GENESIS OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION 

The apostle Paul was by far the greatest Christian theologian of all times. His profound theological reflection, his intense grappling with the problems of humanity, and his outspoken arguments with pastoral insight have long fascinated students of the New Testament Scripture. In this scholarly referenced work, Dr. Penn provides an in-depth study of Saint Paul and his conversion from Judaism to Christianity. A complete bibliography and reference list has been provided with this 28 page presentation.

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF Atheism, Pragmatism, AND JUSTIFICATION

An Apologetic Defense 

This research conducted by Dr. Penn was presented to Dr. Rodney Ashlock, Professor of Religion at Rochester College in the year 1994. It embraces the theological tenet of justification as opposed to the philosophical tenet of Atheism and Pragmatism. It further explains the meaning of justification from a New Testament biblical perspective. A complete bibliography and reference list has been provided with this 20 page presentation. 

VARIOUS INTERPRETATIONS RELATED TO THE BOOK OF JOB

How Scholars and Religious Thinkers Have Interpreted the Book Job

The revered book of Job according to most theologians is the oldest book in the entire Bible. It occupies a place in the sacred writings of Judaism and Christianity as well as a position among the classics of world literature. The cries of anguish uttered by Job over his afflictions of undeserved pain and trials speak eloquently to people of all times. In this presentation, Dr. Penn thoroughly examines the focus of Job, what it says to others and what others have said about it. A variety of interpretations have been advanced regarding this heralded book which corresponds to different religious and philosophical perspectives. Religious interpretations in both the Jewish and Christian traditions are discussed as well as views written from humanistic or non-religious premises. A complete bibliography and reference list is provided with this 17 page presentation.

THE HEBREW CIVILIZATION

Out of all the nations which have been studied from both an archaeological and religious aspect, none has surpassed the research of the Hebrew civilization. None with the exception of the Egyptians have been of greater importance to this modern world than the ancient Hebrews. The idealism and philosophy of the Hebrews were a combination of both Egyptian and Greek thought. It would be erroneous to believe that the Hebrew nation was incapable of original achievement. However, at the same time one cannot dismiss the fact that they were influenced to a large degree by the pre-existing civilizations around them. In this essay, Dr. Penn points out that the Hebrew civilization bore a number of significant derivatives which have perpetuated their religious ideology even until today. One is their credence in the monotheistic “Yahweh” traditionally pronounced “Jehovah.” A complete bibliography and reference list has been provided with this 19 page presentation.

THE MINISTRY OF DISCIPLESHIP 

This research thesis was presented in the year 1993 to Dr. Melvin Storm, Professor of Religion and Chairman of the Religious Studies Department at Rochester College. It was requested of Dr. Penn to provide an in-depth investigation concerning the Great Commission of Jesus Christ in Matthew 28:19 when the Lord said: “Go ye therefore and make disciples...” The components included in this four section study are as follows: Abstract, Statement of the Problem, Statement of the Purpose, Methodology, Review of Literature, and Summary. A questionnaire has been included for those who would participate in the research findings. A complete bibliography and detailed reference list including citations have been provided with this 30 page presentation. 

ANALYZING THE RESTORATION MOVEMENT

History of the Restoration Movement Among the Churches of Christ

The Restoration Movement among Churches of Christ in the nineteenth century continues to have a tremendous impact upon New Testament Christians today. Who were the leaders behind this concept and what were their intended objectives? Much has been spoken of concerning Alexander Campbell, but who were the others that played a significant role in this process? In this presentation, Dr. Penn examines four basic tenets of the Restoration ideology which include: 1) Acknowledging the New Testament as the only authoritative rule of faith and practice for Christians. 2) Renunciation of all human creeds and accepting the New Testament as the only creed binding upon Christians. 3) Restoring the apostolic concept of the New Testament Church in the minds of men. 4) The union of all Christians based upon the Bible only.

Spiritual Bootcamp For Developing Faith

Lessons for Growing Christians 

Understanding the needs of growing Christians, Dr. Penn has compiled a series of lessons to address their many concerns. In this four part study, important subjects discussed include: How to Study the Scripture; The Necessity of Prayer; How to Function in the Body; and How to Witness. Simulated questions are presented which pertain to each of these issues with the intent of fostering spiritual growth and biblical awareness. This 26 page treatise also includes a self-paced study guide, an invaluable tool for teaching seasoned saints as well as new converts. 

An Exposition of Ephesians Chapter 4:11-13

Determining the Author’s Meaning of Perfecting the Saints for the Work of the Ministry

In the year 2005, this unpublished dissertation consisting of 163 pages was presented by Dr. Penn to Northwestern Theological Seminary in fulfillment for the Doctor of Philosophy degree with an emphasis in Systematic Theology. The challenge for the contemporary Church is to understand from a historical and epistolary background the true meaning of Ephesians 4:11-13 and its application. This exhaustive research includes an Abstract, Statement of the Problem, Review of Literature, Methodology, Textual Variants, Minuscules, Uncials, Process Charts, Endnotes, Literary Synopsis, and a detailed bibliography.  

Tithing: A Predominant Principle or A Period of Practice?

A Critical Analysis and Examination Regarding Biblical Tithing

Are New Testament Christians bound to the practice of tithing? Is the New Testament Church held accountable for teaching the tithing concept as revealed in the Old Testament? In the year 2009, at the request of Dr. Loyd C. Harris, this 20 page expose by Dr. Penn was presented to the School of Religious Studies in Little Rock, Arkansas. The objective is to provide an interpretive analysis to the question of tithing so that a proper response can be given. Included is a Statement of the Problem, an Overview of the Old Testament Practice of Tithing, an Overview of the New Testament Principle of Tithing, Universality of the Tithing Idea, a Summation of Findings, and a complete bibliography with detailed references.

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